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Über meinen historischen Roman
Die Geschichte des Entstehens, Genaueres über die Personen und ihre Familie in Oderberg, Bilder, Familienlisten, Hintergründe, Familien in Texas und in der Alten Welt.
Die „TUISKO“ , Orginalbild der 3-Mast-Bark, mit der Justina Tubbe 1855 auswanderte
Das Buch „JUSTINA TUBBE“ ist eine Auswanderer-Biographie für alle, die lebendige Geschichte mögen,
ein Infotainment-Roman, geschrieben nach sorgfältigen historischen und genealogischen Recherchen.
„Justina Tubbe“ ist ein exemplarisches Beispiel für „die kleine Frau wie du und ich“ der damaligen Zeit.
Viele zeitgenössische Bilder illustrieren die Lebensweise in der preußischen Kleinstadt ODERBERG,
die Auswanderung auf einem Segelschiff 1 855 von Bremerhaven in die USA und das Leben in der Neuen Welt.
Alle Personen sind real , die meisten Begebenheiten nachweisbar, allerdings ausgeschmückt mit Phantasie,
so dass das Lesen Spaß macht. Ein schönes Geschenk auch fü r alle die gerne historische Romane lesen.
Wie die Geschichte von Justina Tubbe zustande kam
Vom Großvater meines Vaters – also meinem Urgroßvater Hermann KLAETSCH - wusste ich, dass er als 12. Kind eines Dorfschmieds bei Landsberg geboren wurde, in Prenzlau die MARIE FÖRSTER geheiratet hatte, und daß er seine Tage mit dem Erhalt des ‘Kronenordens Vierter Klasse’ als Ober-Lazarett-inspektor in Potsdam beendete. Diese Urgroßmutter Marie war die Tochter des Optikermeisters RUDOLF FÖRSTER in Prenzlau – 10ooo Goldmark soll sie als Aussteuer erhalten haben ! Aber damit endete leider mein Wissen über diesen Familienzweig.
Als unsere Tante starb, fand meine Schwester Hildegard zwischen Gerümpel ein Bleistiftmanuskript einer Rede zu einem Jubelfest : Marie und Hermann Klaetsch hatten 1885 ihre Silberhochzeit gemeinsam mit ihren Eltern Rudolf und Wilhelmine FÖRSTER gefeiert hatte – die begingen zugleich ihre Goldene Hochzeit.
„Unser Jubelbräutigam Rudolf Förster“, entzifferten wir, „ist in Liegnitz geboren, und musste nach dem Tod der Eltern das Gymnasium verlassen……Die Jubelbraut WILHELMINE als eine geborene TUBBE ist das Bild einer tugendsamen Hausfrau !“ hieß es darin. „Sie ist 1814 in ODERBERG geboren, die Eltern starben früh und sie kam zu Verwandten in Pflege, wo sie eine strenge, ach, allzu strenge Erziehung genoss… in Berlin war sie in Stellung bei den besten Familien wie dem Herrn Minister von Massow, lernte dort den Gürtlergesellen Rudolf Förster kennen, der als fescher Sonntagsreiter vor ihrem Fenster Parade ritt…. sie heirateten in der Nikolaikirche und kauften sich alsbald … ein Haus am Markt von Prenzlau, …..
Oderberg ? – wir hatten keine Ahnung wo das ist ! Im Osten irgendwo hinter der Mauer . Unerreichbar. Aber gleich nach dem Fall der Grenze fingen wir an, das Land meiner Vorfahren mit dem Wohnmobil zwischen Stralsund und Annaberg zu erkunden: Potsdam – Pretzsch- Freiburg – Halle, meine Geburtsstadt, Prenzlau….Als wir 1995 von dort nach Süden fuhren, stand da plötzlich ein Schild : Oderberg 20 km ! Also beschlossen wir : Fahren wir doch einfach mal hin. Wir kamen in ein kleines Städtchen, das einstmals sehr hübsch gewesen war. Aber nun nach 40 Jahren DDR bröckelte nicht nur der Putz – viele der alten Häuser zerfielen und waren verwahrlost.. Wir klingelten am Kirchenbüro, um nach den alten Kirchenbüchern zu fragen und hatten das große Glück auf Pastor Knut zu treffen, hilfsbereit und freundlich. Er rief gleich seine Kraft Frau Brenger an, die die Kirchenbücher nach der Wende vom Boden geholt und restauriert hatte. Gleich auf den ersten Blick sahen wir ganz viele TUBBEs – das würde dauern. „Gleich morgen früh können Sie anfangen“ – wir standen um 7 vor der Tür.
Pastor Knud räumte seinen Tisch frei und Frau Brenger brachte uns die dicken alten Wälzer der Orginal-Kirchenbücher, die während der DDR-Zeit auf dem Boden halb verschimmelt waren.. Wir empfinden diese alten Schriften als etwas Wunderschönes und können sie auch gut lesen. Dieses alte Papier mit dem Wasserzeichen, das ein paarhundert Jahre
alt ist, das mit der Gänsefeder vom Pastor beschrieben wurde – es ist etwas
Unbeschreibliches, darin stöbern zu dürfen. Da war sie: Wilhelmine Tubbe !
1814 geboren. Ja, bei ihrer Geburt war ihr Vater bereits tot!
Und die Mutter? Marie-Luise Geistlich ! – Auch sie starb , als Wilhelmine noch
keine 6 Jahre alt war. Wilhelmine hatte noch eine ältere Schwester – die war mit 16 gestorben ! Gerade erinnerten
wir uns, daß in der Rede zur Goldenen Hochzeit erwähnt war, daß Wilhelmine bei
strengen Verwandten großgezogen wurde, da zeigte uns Frau Brenger einen Brief :
„ Schauen Sie mal, vor zwei Jahren, hat mal so einer aus Amerika geschrieben, hier..
in englisch, können Sie das lesen ?“ Absender : John August Tubbe aus Nacogdoches,
So muss das Haus der Weberfamilie TUBBE um 1850 ausgesehen haben.
Oderberg, Angermünderstraße 6
Ja, das war nun doppelt spannend. Ob wir verwandt sind ? :Jawohl, mein Vorfahr,Vater der Jubelbraut Wilhelmine, war Johann Friedrich TUBBE. Dessen älterer Bruder war John’s Ur-Urgoßvater Ludewig TUBBE, der
1815 Justina HEIN geheiratet hatte. Sie hatten 9 Kinder. Beim ersten, Ludwig, war sie 18, das letzte, August, kam mit schon 46 Jahren
Das war das erste, was mich als Frau an Justina zu faszinieren begann.
Wir nahmen Kontakt auf mit John TUBBE und seiner Frau SARAH TUBBE , die intensiv die Texanische Seite erforschte.
Es entwickelte sich eine dicke Freundschaft und schon im nächsten Jahr besuchten wir sie in Nacogdoches / Texas.
Im September 2018 wird Billy JUNGE, ein Nachfahre von Justina Tubbe, aus Texas nach Oderberg kommen.
Links : Charlotte JUNGE, geb, TUBBE im Alter von ca. 80 Jahren (Foto ca.1900) heiratete
Friedrich (Fritz )JUNGE
Beide verließen Oderberg am Tage ihrer Hochzeit 1852 und segelten mit der „JOhanne Elise“ von Hamburg nach New York. In Philadelphia wurde ihre Tocheter Fanny geboren.Von dort ging es nach Nacogdoches,Tx.
Das sind wir beide.
Wer mehr wissen möchte, kontakte mich bitte unter
giselalaudi( Provider) AOL.com
Die Kirche in Oderberg
Article in the Journal of the
GermanTexan Heritage Society 2011
Families Marowski and Junge Went West from Prussia
by Gisela Laudi from Kiel, Germany
Pic:Church and town of Oderberg 1855, at Oder river, Kingdom of Prussia
Lets have a look at some families living
in ODERBERG in the first half of the
19th century, who later were connected
by family and neighborhood in Texas.
ODERBERG is a small town some 30
miles NE from BERLIN. It is situated on
the ODER river, which today is the German-
In that time Oderberg was in the middle
of the Kingdom of Prussia, province
Brandenburg, and the town then had no
more than abt. 1500 inhabitants.
Pic: Map „Germany 1815 -1871“: Families MAROWSKI, JUNGE, TUBBE, DEWITZ, LANGE came from Oderberg,
Kingdom of Prussia . The ROEMMELE family most probably came from the state BADEN.
I am a German hobby genealogist. One day my husband and I started researching in ODERBERG.
My own ancestors were the Fam. TUBBE. We soon discovered a letter of descendant John TUBBE from Nacogdoches, Tx. who had sent it to the church office in Oderberg asking for his ancestors. Of course that made it even more exciting for us. We contacted the TUBBEs after we found out he was my 7th cousin.
Together with John's wife Sarah TUBBE we continued researching very intensively. Some wonderful friendships developed and several times we flew over the ocean.
By and by we accumulated such an amount of interesting facts and stories, that one day I started writing my historical novel : the lifestory of „JUSTINA TUBBE“, seen by her own eyes. This brave woman fascinated me. She had given birth to 9 children within 26 years, she also raised her niece = my g-g-grandmother (being an early orphan) and emigrated to Texas in 1855 when she was 60 years old already ! !
Little did I expect that JUSTINA's lifestory would be chosen one day for an emigration-exhibition of the World-EXPO-2000 and by the „German Emigration House“, Bremerhaven (parallel to Ellis Island) to show a typical example of a simple emigrant woman.
Pic Book : In Germany :“Justina Tubbe“ by Westkreuz Verlag
In USA : „I am Justina Tubbe“, by Caroline Ericson Books, Nacogdoches, Family histories L1000.
Justina TUBBE's daughter Charlotte TUBBE was married to Fritz JÙNGE, and his sister Wilhelmine JUNGE was married to Justina's nephew Wilhelm MAROWSKI.
After having finished all the TUBBE research I was very curious to also know the whereabouts of this JUSTINAs nephew.
By an inquiry in the German Texan Mailing List I hit the jackpot ! Indeed MAROWSKI- descendant Donna Rau, Oregon, got in touch and was fascinated as well. GTHS editor Liz Hicks, Tx. contacted us, and by a wonderful teamwork we researched these family stories.
Justina TUBBE's sister was Luise HEIN *1897; both were daughters of Friedrich HEIN, a master cooper in Oderberg. A few years after the Napoleonic wars Luise HEIN married Paul Wilhelm MAROWSKI in 1819. He was a master shoemaker, son of a gardener from Danzig area, and „took his Oderberg burgher oath“ in 1819, as every handcrafter had to do. That gave him the right to run his profession in town. He had some duties as i.g. to defend the town in day or night, to pay the taxes
and fees, he had to obey the authorities, to be a Christian, should be married and to own a house in town.
Those days a master shoemaker made the whole shoe by hand, and they would be worn ten years or longer and were repaired many times. But it was a time of big changes, spurring by industrialization.
Steam engines took over hand work by and by, as well as in agriculture and production of goods. The first railways were built and goods produced in factories and shipped could be sold much cheaper than handmade local goods. Life for some handcrafters such as weavers was getting harder and harder, and hunger revolts in some areas are well known.
Outside the towns serfdom in 1804 had already been abolished by law. Now even all the former serfs and also all the servants could marry and have children. You can tell by increasing amount of church records. Most couples had lots of children and the progression of medicine and vaccinations helped them to survive. If ever they owned some land, different heritage laws gave it to only the oldest /or youngest son, in some areas other heritage laws sometimes divided land into tiniest portions. We found maps with fields which could be as small as 20 feet and 40 feet long. Most people had no land at all, and had to be day
laborer or workers in the factories in big
towns. There was a lack of land although
noblemen owned most, and only they had
the right of hunting. A certain Karl Marx
complained all these circumstances and
developed the idea of socialism.
Paul & Luise MAROWSKI were relatively
well off, at least they were able to buy the
now called MAROWSKI-house in 1829. Today
it is well restored and the pride of
town. The couple raised five children. Besides
of the income of the workshops accommodated
in their homes, handcrafters
in town would have had some geese and
hens, perhaps a pig and one cow and a
small meadow, just to feed the cow, and a
tiny piece of land, just enough to harvest
the wheat and rye for bread for the family's
Their oldest son was : Ludwig Wilhelm
(=William) MAROWSKI * 1819.
After his eight years in town school and
confirmation in the Lutheran church, he
probably had a 3 years commercial apprenticeship.
Then probably he was
drafted by the Prussian Army for 4 years
as every young man was. He became a
merchant after and lived some time in
Not all families were so well off.
A map of fields in the Prussian area of the HELPENSTELL
Postcard of abt 1890 , Marowski-house.
Ludwig Wilhelm Marowski' spend his childhood
in this house in Oderberg, Kingdom of Prussia
At the same time family JUNGE in Oderberg was bad off. Friedrich JUNGE, father of 6 children was a „peasant burgher“, but don't you think he owned a lot of land. The family lived in a tiny house in town. In 1826 he died and his wife Anna-Maria Schumann-JUNGE impoverished terribly.
Here is the original letter in which she begs the officials for help. Being a widow she had to support 6 minor kids and an old mentally ill and mad mother. She would have to pay extra tax for building higher dikes due to high water, and there had been no harvest.
Pic: To the Most Praiseworthy Royal Government.
28th August 1829. I most submissively beg for compensation of the damage I’ve suffered by a 3-years inundation of my ground by which I have been put into a most indigent state. I have to lay these great troubles.
I am in to the feet of the Most Praisable Royal Government, hoping it will be granted a most gracious answer. For the last two years I have been a widow with six minor children in the standing of a small peasant owning a very dilapidated house with one room, 1 acre of arable land, 4 meadows and 2 gardens on which I am earning my poor living as well as the newly-imposed class and war tax without falling behind.
With the conditions of time pressing it is an impossibility for me to bear these contributions further on having but my land, paddocks and gardens as a resource of income. My house and my ground are encumbered with a debt of 800 Thaler on which I have to pay 4 Thaler interest to be added 15 Thaler class- and
war tax, 16 ½ Thaler community taxes and 6 Thaler fire insurance fees, everything summing up to 77 ¾ Thaler. Even when leaving away these contributions still standing out I’ve had the reverse of losing my husband, who died for consumption having been sick 6 years before.
Likewise I’ve to care for my totally crazy 70 years old mother-in-law, who is causing much damage in my household. 5 of my cows have fallen for cattle-plague. In addition thereto I have to cope with my pastures and gardens being submerged, court-fees for the heritage contract with my children, funeral cost and some
more expenses. I can provide evidence for everything being the sum of 240 Thalers.
All I have suffered within the last two years has left me completely stripped and don´t know how to furtheron pay for the maintenance of my household and my livelihood. There’s nothing I can sell any more and with my pastures and gardens having been the mean source of my bread and butter now laying under
water there’s no income from them any longer as well. I see myself forced to give up even those two heads of cattle I am still owning for lack of fodder.
These my legitimate reasons mentioned make me hope they will be granted a support from the Most Praisable Royal Government for which herewith I am most humbly and most submissively asking, trusting that I will receive mitigation of sorrows and some relief of my great troubles. In high expectancy of a most graceful
answer I am dying away with awe and faithfulness to a Most Praisable Royal Government, most submissively,
Widow Friedrich Junge
Potsdam, Sept. 8th 1829
Government answer to this :
Concerning Mrs. Junge´s request the relief asked for cannot be granted because of funds lacking.
signed : v. Flatow, Wehlenbach (Potsdam 10th Sept. 1829)
Some explanations : A “garden“ in those times meant a field with vegetable and fruit-trees. When Anna Maria Junge´s husband died, she was obliged to regulate inheritance matter . For her 6 minor children there had a guardian to be engaged by court, because she was “but“ a woman, and only a man could have the right of solicitude for children. Every child inherited as much as she. She could
not sell neither fields nor house in order to get rid of her obligations or at least to have some money to live on. This guardian is supposed to not have agreed to selling house or fields in order to protect the children´s inheritance – even for the price of a starving mother.
First page of mother JUNGE's begging letter 1829
In March 1849 the 30 years old William MAROWSKI married the oldest daughter of that poor family JUNGE : Wilhelmine called „Minnie“(34). Who knows ? Perhaps his father disliked this connection.
William's mother had died in 1844 already and his father was married the second time now.
On 14. march 1850 the first daughter of William & Minnie was born : Aurora MAROWSKI.
This young family was the first emigrants documented in the Oderberg files to apply for a permit for emigration. In the moment of receiving it they lost their Prussian citizenship. With the 4 weeks old baby they took the train to Bremen, continued to Bremerhaven by small vessel and sailed on the 3-mast sailing vessel „Ocean“. The baby was fine during the whole crossing and did not even become seasick.
The 1830s for most people still were quite peaceful times but they longed for more liberalization, for freedom of the press, for the right to vote.
In the middle of the 1840s the Colorado beetle caused some failed harvests and caused a bad famine. The many men without any land who had moved into the cities worked for very low wages and lived in unthinkable bad conditions. Better situated people could afford food. Better educated and studied men longed for participation in governing and a constitution. Facing autocratic leadership of the roughly 250 different German states at that time they were dreaming of an united Germany of all German speaking countries.
Due to hunger as well as demand for more democracy many people started an uproar and caused the revolution in March 1848. But the Prince of Prussia let people be shot down by their own soldiers. The revolution failed resulting in a kind of police state and great disappointment by the population.
In the same time a story spread out about a country where you can do every profession without restrictions, there is free economy and democracy, you can do whatever you want, a land „where the doves will fly into your mouth“….And most amazingly : in Texas you can still get land for free !
The very poorest could not afford the fare, but many others sold everything to go West. The Kingdom of Prussia did not like emigration and you had to pay, wait and argue to get a permit.
Pic: Original picture of ship
„Ocean“ (Deutsches Schifffahrtsmuseum, Bremerhaven)
Such a full-rigged ship would have been around 100 ft long, 25 ft. wide, 15 ft draft. The OCEAN transported 225 passengers with the MAROWSKI family and reached Baltimore 1st June 1850.
Most of them booked between-decks, only few could afford traveling 1st cabin. The majority crossed the ocean for just economical reasons and a hope for a better life. Only relatively few were so-called „48ers“ who went because of political reasons.
View into between-deck, advertisement drawing, in reality it was much more crowded !!
There were unbelievable unhygienic conditions on board. Drinking water was still taken from rivers and poor food was supplied. There were no tables and chairs and always four people slept in a double bunk bed. Hardly any washing was possible, not even for used linen diapers. Lots of vermin were all over, not mentioning all the seasick men and only 4 latrines…..
Often passengers died on the way and most were weak and sick on arrival. But in this time there was only superficial medical examination on arrival and nobody asked for documents – men were needed.
An American clerk would ask them for their names and spell them just the way he'd like, which caused plenty of mistakes in the ships arrival lists. MAROWSKI became MAROUSKI, or JUNGE became TUNKE. Given names also were mixed, because in Germany only one of several baptism names was the used one (there are no so-called „middle names“). The first one is not always the used one, very often it is the second or the third.
In between-decks every four persons slept in each shelf
Pic: Seasick in 1st cabin“
Baltimore, Nov.10, 1850
we’re happy to have arrived here in Baltimore
(North America, in the state of Maryland).
We’ve been on a very big ship and
didn’t have to fear any danger while on
sea. I had intended to not stay in Baltimore.
But as it was such a big and living
city we soon decided to stay and the city
having 180, 000 inhabitants and increasing
very much every year because most of the
immigrants are settling right away in town
we don’t regret this decision. Year after
year more than thousand homes are built
so that Baltimore is bigger than Berlin already
now. But it’s but far more living like
But in spite of this there isn’t a starch factory. Starch is bought from New York, Philadelphia and Germany and is 7 to 8 $ per hundredweight (the American pound is less than the German one and a hundredweight
is but 100 pounds). One Dollar is the equivalent of 1 German Thaler and 15 Silver Groschen. That’s why for the time being I decided to produce starch. It can be made very easily from wheat flour because a barrel of first quality (196 pounds) is 5 dollars and you’ll get the oak barrel free. As vinegar is very rare here
(mostly mixed with Spanish pepper) I put up a vinegar factory as well together with a little store. The whole busyness is running very well and to my satisfaction. But everything would have been much easier for me if my wife wouldn’t have been sick for some weeks. But now she’s well again and so am I. Our little Aurora hasn’t been sick at all so far ( not even sea sick) and she’s very strong. At the moment my main
occupation is producing starch and I’ve rented a whole house for only us. The homes here aren’t as big as the Berlin ones. There’s very little German spoken here so from the first moment I had to take my English dictionary and study diligently for what the lessons I had in Hamburg 8 years ago came in very useful for me.
Dear parents, I think you would like to know something about general living conditions here. In general conditions are good if not so good as they normally are told to be and as most of the immigrants think expecting fried chicken to fly right into their mouths. But nevertheless I must say (that it is something special*)
) to see the normal worker going to and coming from work walking upright in a white ironed shirt of cambric or fine cotton with collar and cuffs. And he’s working but 10 hours a day here. Working hours are from 7 a.m. until noon and from 1 p.m. to 6 p.m. At the beginning of work and at the end all bells are rung. Saturday afternoon work stops at 4 p.m. Then the weekly market starts that lasts until midnight.
Wages are very different ranging from ¾ to 2 ½ $ per day, some only would earn ½ $ a day. There are no taxes to be paid for factory owners and workers. Only merchants have to pay such. Every white man is free here whereas blacks and browns aren’t free and have to be day laborers being forbidden to run a
business. You don’t have to register with the police and nobody would ask for your passport or other papers.
On Sundays all shops are closed as are the ‘tobacco halls’ where you can get alcoholic drinks.
Dear parents and relatives, I’m sending you my most hearty regards.
Your loving son LW Marowski together with wife and daughter
My adress is Mister Marowski n Baltimore Nr. 113 Bonn Street (Fells Point) in North America
The MAROWSKIs arrived in Baltimore on 1st June 1850.
(Name misspelled in the ship's list: MAROUSKY , many different misspellings in American files as Morouski,
In fall 1850 William Marowski wrote a letter home and he seemed very content:
—–At the end of the letter there’s an addition: In order to ensure punctual payment in Berlin I already had
paid in a part so that the debt in question will be paid off.
*) I added this italicized part that is missing in the original letter. The author compares the appearance of
American and Prussian workers. From his home in Oderberg Mr. Marowski was used to workers looking
emaciated and bent and wearing old worn-out clothes but never white shirts.
A letter took 6 month one way then. Although the letter was sent to his parents, it was probably read by all relatives and friends in Oderberg. Minnie Marowski's brothers Fritz and Ferdinand JUNGE had become bakers, and sure enough it was like a dream for them to get free land in America.
In May 1852, two years after Minnie had left, Fritz JUNGE married Charlotte TUBBE (Justina's daughter). Family saga tells they left the very same day from Oderberg. With them was Charlotte's brother Wilhelm („Willi“) TUBBE. Obviously they sailed without any permit via Hamburg by ship „Johanne Elise“. After Charlotte gave birth to their first daughter Fanny in Philadelphia in 1853 they probably went by steam ship along a then existing river system to St. Louis, and went on by wagon
train to Nacogdoches, Tx. They settled on their own given land 5 miles SW off the market place on hwy. 225 .
In 1855 Minnie MAROWSKI in Baltimore
wrote home to Oderberg a very heartbreaking
sad letter. She was terribly homesick, she was
ill, she could not sew for a lady any more and
complained that nobody was there to comfort
her although all of this was her fault…..
(unfortunatly we don't have the second page of the
Baltimore, Apr. 4, 1855
Beloved parents, sister and relatives,
If my letter will find you in good health I will rejoice
with all my heart. I’m quite healthy again now. I’ve
been sick and this has caused a change in living
conditions with me that is to say that I’m not going to
needle any more. I used to sew for people living out
in the country working as “Schaendelleut” [I don’t
know the meaning of this word.] with some
earl. That’s where the lady recommended me to go
to. It’s half an hour away from town. When I was
sick I’ve gone to that lady and she’s been like a
mother to me. Oh, what a sad thing it is having no
one of your family around when being sick, no one’s
shoulder to cry on. Because God, yes God , he’s
my only friend and this is what I content myself with
when waking up in the morning from the horrible
dreams I had. Since 3 nights already my mother and sister seemed to me standing at my bed true-to-life weeping bitterly uttering :”Oh how nasty your father is against us, so much more beasty than he used to be when you still were here.” This I had dreamt on the 3rd, 4th and 5th February on and on so that on the 6th I
couldn’t help crying without end knowing that it will come over me again. I can figure it out. But please forgive me, forgive me, I feel remorseful and I’m bearing tribulations for having caused you so much concern.
Oh, please forgive me, dear parents, everything has happened because of my ..(well deed ??) This is why I think that the good Lord already has forgiven me because he already has [verb is on the next page] all the ways to ….
In that time Minnie MAROWSKI was probably pregnant with her second daughter Elisabeth, called „Lizzie“. Couldn't Minnie stand this big city Baltimore any more ? Did her brother Fritz JUNGE offer them to live with them in Nacogdoches ? Obviously Fritz bought land on his brother in- law's name nearby. In the tax list in 1856 William MAROWSKI owned 100 acres, value $300 on
the Jose Cruz survey, nearest stream-Alazan Creek.
When this sad letter arrived in Oderberg, the TUBBE emigration group was already about to leave in Sept. 1855. They had been talked into joining the settlers in Texas, and old Mom Justina TUBBE (60) had decided to go together with her oldest son Ludwig TUBBE (40) and her youngest son August TUBBE (14 !). With them was also Ferdinand JUNGE, who later on lived on land neighboring his brother Fritz. Some other Oderberg people joined up with them as Fam. DEWITZ to
Nacogdoches, Fam. WINTER to St.Louis, and three girls LANGE (to ??). They sailed to New Orleans in fall 1855 by ship „Tuisko“. It took them 8 weeks at sea and one month to go by ship to Natchitoches and by wagon to Nacogdoches.
Just after the party in 1855 had left, old Mom Anna-Maria JUNGE died, perhaps of broken
heart : Now only 3 JUNGE siblings remained in Oderberg : the oldest, Wilhelm-Bartolomäus, who was married to a quite rich woman; second Henriette, who was married to the town clerk PUFFPAFF in Oderberg and had a sick son; and the youngest daughter AMALIE JUNGE who had probably taken care of her Mom. She was still unmarried at 35 years of age — maybe she had no dowry and difficulties finding a man ? Only a few month later she also applied for emigration to „make a
better life“ in America.
Amalie JUNGE sailed by ship „Mississippi“ to New Orleans in 1856, accompanied by midwife Florentine LANGE from Oderberg, sure a relative of the three young LANGE women living in Nacogdoches
or in St-Louis already.
In 1857 the MAROWSKI family in Baltimore decided also to move to Nacogdoches : they wrote their new address to brother Julius MAROWSKI in Oderberg. What made them move to Texas ?
„Application for emigration permit of Amalie JUNGE“
Oderberg den 26. April 1856
die unverehelichte Amalie Caroline
Christiane Junge am
14. März 1821 in Oderberg
geboren, Tochter des hierselbst
verstorbenen Bürgers und
Eigenthümers Friedrich Junge
und trägt unter Übergabe eines
Ich habe mich entschlossen, nach
indem ich gedenke, bei
meinen daselbst bereits
verheiratheten 3 Geschwistern
mein Fortkommen besser
zu haben. Wie das Geburtsattest
ergibt, bin ich
am 14. März 1821 geboren,
stehe also frei in jeder Beziehung
da und halten Familienverhältnisse
nicht zurück, da auch
meine Mutter bereits
An Vermögen nehme ich
nach Abzug der Überfahrtskosten
circa 600 rthl.
mit nach America.
Hierdurch bitte ich, für mich
bei der Königl. Regierung
zu Potsdam auf Ertheilung
aus dem diesseitigen Staaten-
und werde ich die entstehenden
Kosten nach Eingang
der Urkunde erlegen.
Unterschrift : Amalie Junge
Oderberg, Apr. 26th 1856
Appears by her own free will
the unmarried Amalie Caroline
Christiane Junge born
14th March 1821 in Oderberg,
daughter of the here
deceased burgher and
houseowner Friedrich Junge,
producing her certification of birth, reporting
I have made up my mind to
emigrate to America,
supposing that I will find
a better livelihood with my
married 3 brothers and sisters
already living there.
As the certification of birth
shows that I am born on
March 14th 1821,
so I am free in all respects
and there are as well no family
relations retaining me, as
my mother has already
As to my means I
will take about 600 Thaler
(Prussian currency) with me
to America, the cost of passage
already being taken off.
By this I request you to apply with the
Royal Government in Potsdam
for granting me
the document of dismissal
from the (Prussian) citizenship
on this side, and I will pay
the cost being incurred
by this after receipt
of the document.
signed: Amalie Junge
Entry by brother Julius Marowski in
Oderberg in his notice booklet
Now all four JUNGE ( = YOUNG) emigrant-siblings met in Nacogdoches :
Fritz JUNGE and family,
Ferdinand JUNGE, Amalie JUNGE, and Minnie JUNGE-Marowski and family. Also Fritz JUNGE's wife Charlotte TUBBE-JUNGE had her Mom Justina TUBBE and three siblings nearby:
William, Ludwig and August TUBBE.
There now was a big German community in Nacogdoches : The mentioned families JUNGE and MAROWSKI, the families TUBBE and DEWITZ, maybe the 4 LANGE women, which all came from Oderberg. The family REYDER lived nearby to fam. HELPENSTELL, fam. KOLB, and fam. SEELBACH,
who all came from a Western Prussian area ( 50 miles from Cologne) and many other German
speaking famlilies .(* see list on bottom)
Lots of intermarriages are known within the next generations. Even in our generation when my
friend and 7th cousin John TUBBE ( TUBBE and KOLB descendant) was engaged to his Sarah HILL
( SEELBACH and HELPENSTELL descendant) some asked fearing too close relationship by blood.
One of the other German families was fam. Thomas ROEMMELE (=Remmele/Rimmele). They
came from the Grand Duchy BADEN far South in the todays Germany and spoke quite a different
dialect. Amalie JUNGE soon met her future husband, probably a relative, Karl Franz „Frank“
ROEMMELE ( *? +1869). They married 11 August 1857 in Collin County, TX, and stayed in McKinney.
Did they hear from a Phillip Römmele ( brother, cousin, relative ??) about the possibility to
buy valuable land in Collin county ? Or didn't they come along with the others ? Who knows ?
The Minnie& William MAROWSKI family in 1857 followed the young couple to Collin Co. to live beside
the Frank & Amalie ROEMMELEs.
William MAROWSKI's father died in 1864. Maybe he passed on some values to his four granddaughters
Aurora, Lizzie, Pauline and Henriette MAROWSKI (= Moroski or similar). There are many
descendants of these daughters : Aurora BATES, Lizzie LEE, Pauline KING, Henriette KING, and Charles ROEMMELE.
(The story of these families will be continued by Donna Rau in the next GTHS Journal )
Ferdinand JUNGE disappeared from Nacogdoches in abt. 1866. Family saga suspects he was homesick and also wanted to claim their inheritance from their oldest brother's Wilhelm-Bartol. JUNGE's death in 1866, Oderberg . Or did Ferdinand JUNGE go West or was he killed somewhere ?
We don't know what has happened to him but one day his brother Fritz sold the land he had
owned. Wilhelm Bartol. JUNGE in Oderberg had died by a gunshot wound he received when his
home was raided by an unknown group of bandits. He left 2200 Thaler to his 4 American siblings,
but the will reduced : only after his wife's death, so there was no inheritance
Fritz JUNGE and his wife Charlotte TUBBE began burying family
members on a knoll just above their log cabin. There are eleven marked
graves in the cemetery today and several unmarked graves. One of the
earliest most probably is Charlotte’s mother, Justina TUBBE. Family
stories of earlier descendants tell about visiting “grandma’s gravesite”.
Fritz, himself is buried here. Charlotte died at her daughter Fanny’s
home and is buried at Christian Cemetery, Nacogdoches.
Grave of Fritz JUNGE, Junge
Cemetery, SW Nacogdoches
The Junge Cemetery was nearly forgotten for decades. But Ralph McCALMONT, a JUNGE descendant
was fascinated by my historical novel entitled “I AM Justina TUBBE” and was introduced
to the story of the cemetery. Ralph, with huge effort and the help of Sarah TUBBE developed the
cemetery. Today it is surveyed, fenced, has original markers restored and memory stones with appropriate
genealogical information for each grave site.
The cemetery now has legal standing in State of Texas, recognition by the Internal Revenue Service, a functioning board of directors and a substantial endowment. The process has begun to attain Texas Historical Cemetery status and to gain suitable permanent access to the site.
A genealogical JUNGE/ TUBBE book is near completion with a history of the cemetery and genealogical history of these families from the early sixteenth century to the current date. The book is filled with data, anecdotal stories and photographs. Ralph McCALMONT plans to introduce the book at a gathering of the Prussian emigrant families of Nacogdoches County in 2012.
Perhaps we get to know even some more descendants by this article….??
Pic: Charlotte TUBBE-JUNGE in her old days ………………. her stone at Christian cemetery, Nacogdoches
More info: www.GiselaLaudi.de ; Contact and questions GiselaLaudi@aol.com
My historical novel: German : „Justina Tubbe „, Westkreuz Verlag,
English : „I Am Justina Tubbe“, Carolyn Ericson, Nacogdoches,
http://www.ericsonbooks.com/ familyhistories.html > L1000
„German Emigration House“ www.dah-bremerhaven.de
Early German families of Nacogdoches, according to Carolyn Ericson, Nacogdoches:
JUNGE (=Young) ; TUBBE; RIDER; SEELBACH; HELPENSTELL; KOLB; RIMMELE(=Roemmele);
STERNE; von der HOYA; SCHMIDT; RULFS; RUSCHE; IRION; MAYER; BOSCHEN;
STOCKMANN; SCHOFNER; TEUTSCH; SCHOTT; VOIGT; VOIGTEL; RECTOR; ROOK;
SHERIDAN; von WREDE; WALTMAN; HYDE; HEEDER; WITKORN; LANG; HARLOCHER;
EICHEL; HILLENKAMP; PLEUCKER; POPP; WETTERMARK.
O. means : ODERBERG, Kingdom of Prussia, province of Brandenburg.
Today : Germany, state Brandenburg, from 1871-1945 Deutsches Reich,
1945-49 Soviet occuption zone, 1949-1989 socialistic GDR.
Nac. means : Nacogdoches, Texas, USA
MAROWSKI – parents
Paul Wilhelm MAROWSKI, master shoemaker( 9 jan 1793 +29 jan 1864 in O. )
oo 21 may1819 Dor. Louise HEIN (23 jul 1797 +25 feb 1844 in O.)
his 2nd marriage Marie Dor. MÖLLER oo 28 nov 1847 in O.,
his father: gardener from Guttland, Danzig Warder
a) Ludwig Wilhelm (1819 in O. +9 apr1866 in McKinney, Collin Co., Tx.), merchant
oo 19 mar 1849 Wilhelmine (Minnie) JUNGE (1816 in O. +1874, McKinney);
both: >jun 1850 Baltimore, >1856 Naco.; >1857 CollinCo., 4 daughters
b) Robert Julius ( 1821-1899) in O. oo Charlotte Fr. Wilh. BUSSE (1821+1896)
c) Luise Clementine (1822- ?)
d) August Theodor(1823- ?)
e) Ferdinand Eduard (1825-1897) in O., glazier master, oo Frieder. BOWITZ (1830-1895)
Children of Wilhelm MAROWSKI & Minnie JUNGE (=Marouski/Maroskey/Maroski/Moroswski )
a) Aurora (14 mar 1850 in Prussia+16 jul 1938,Woodlawn Cem.) oo 12aug 1869 Amos Chancello 'Dick' BATES, 12 ch
b) Elisabeth“ Lizzie“ (1856 in ?? + ?? ) oo 12 aug 1870 in Hunt county,TX, Henry LEE (+1880)
c) Pauline (1859 + ?? ) oo 12 nov 1879 J.T. KING
d) Henriette (1862 in McKinney +8 apr 1895, Ardmore,OK ) oo 18 dec 1879, W.S. KING, jeweler, 1 dau.
Mother of Ludw. William MAROWSKI : Dorothea Luise HEIN
her parents: Johann Friedrich HEIN, master cooper (1752 in Stolpe, +early 1801)
oo abt.1780 Luise HERZBERG (1759-1832)
out of their 10 children 5 died in childhood ! All born in Freyenwalde (today: Bad Freienwalde, near Oderberg)
a) +Luise Veronika (1782-94)
b) +Dorothea Charlotte (1784-1785)
c) Marie Luise (1787 +?)
d.) Johann Friedrich 'Hansi', master cooper, (3 sept 1786 + 20 apr 1850 in O./by stroke), oo 1811 Sophie TUBBE (+1847
e) +Dor. Sophie (1788-1788)
f) +Joh. Christian Friedrich (1791-1791)
g) +Gottlieb Friedrich (1792-1792)
h) Daniel Ludw., master cooper (18 oct.1792 +18.oct 1869 in O.) oo Anna Just. Lehmpfuhl (1798-1863)
i) JUSTINA Frieder.(29 may 1795 +abt 1867 in Naco.,TX)
oo 16 dec 1813 Karl LUDWIG 'Ludde' TUBBE, master weaver (24 jul 1783 +21 aug 1845 in O.), 9 ch. ( see further
k) Dorothea Luise (23 jul 1797 +25 feb 1844); oo 1817 Paul Wilhelm MAROWSKI, master shoemaker in O., 5 ch. (see
JUNGE parents :
Friedrich JUNGE (5 jun 1770 +1827), peasant burgher in Oderberg
oo abt. 1811 in Oderberg, burgher oath 1894, his „totally crazy mother“ (see letter above) Dorothea Charlotte OSTERLOFF
Anna Marie SCHUMANN (*1787 + 9 nov 1855)
a) Wilhelm Bartol. (7 jan 1813 +11 apr 1866 in O.) oo Caroline GAUERT*1814, no ch.
+ Caroline Wilhelmine Auguste (1811-1815)
b) Joh. Friedrich 'Fritz', baker, (10 dec 1814 in O. +11 aug 1884 in Naco.) >1852 Naco.; bur. Junge Cem, Naco.
oo 1852 Charlotte TUBBE (17 nov 1822in O. +28 jul 1912, in Lufkin, Tx.) bur. Christian Cem. Naco, 4 children
c) Auguste Wilhelmine 'Minnie' (1815 in O. -1874) >1850 Baltimore >Naco. >McKinney, Collin Ct.,
oo 1849 Ludwig Wilhelm „William“MAROWSKI, 4 dau. (see above)
d) Gottlieb Ferdinand, baker, (11 feb 1819 in O. +??) >1855 Naco.
e) Amalie Caroline Christine (14 mar 1821 in O. +14 may 18981898), >1856 Naco. >1857 McKinney, Collin Ct., TX, ´bur.
oo 15 dec 1857 in McKinney, CollinCo.,TX. , Karl Franz RÖMMELE,(*? in Baden? +14 may 1869 in McKinney),
f) Marg. Charl. Henriette (1825-? )in O., oo Puffpaff, 1 disabled son, 2.oo Krueger
JUNGE descendants : Children of Fritz JUNGE & Charlotte TUBBE
a) Francis Fanny (23 mar 1833 Philadelphia +29 Nov 1923, Homer Cem.), oo Charly RIVERS; 3 ch, 2.oo Thomas K.
b) Joh. Frederick „Fritz“jun. (27 May 1856 in Nac. +24 Sep 1913) oo Willie DENMANN, 7 ch.
c) James Oswald,sr. (17 Feb 1859 +3 Feb 1899) oo Amanda EDDINGS, 8 ch.
d) Mynna „Minnie“(11 Sep 1860 + 5 Jul 1928) oo James „Jim“ Franklin BERRY, 10 ch.
Charly Rivers murdered his neighbor and disappeared for ever.
Karl Ludwig TUBBE , master waever,(24 jul 1783 +21aug 1845 in O.); oo 16 dec 1813 in O.,
JUSTINA Friederike TUBBE-HEIN (29 may 1795 +abt 1867 in Nac.,Tx) ; 9 ch., 2 foster ch.( nieces), immigr.1855 to
One of these foster children was the authors great-grandmother
a) LUDWIG (18 jan 1815 in O.+21apr 1880 in Nac.) bur Saint's Rest Cem.Nac., immigr.1855, never married
b) Justine Fried. jun (1817 +1880) oo A. Jaenicke, ship builder in O.
c) +Eveline (1819-1823)
d) +Henriette (1820 +1828)
e) CHARLOTTE Wilh. (17nov 1822 in O. +28jul 1912 in Lufkin), bur. Christian Cem., Nac.
oo Fritz JUNGE immigr.1852, 4 ch. (see above),
f) Carl Friedr. WILHELM „Willi“ (22sep 1826 in O. +11aug 1884 in Nac.) bur. Saint's Rest Cem. Nac., immigr.1852,
g) Caroline (12 jul 1829 +12 dec 1854 in O.) oo Lieske, she died when giving birth to first baby
h) +Albertine (1832 +as child)
i) Johann AUGUST (17 feb 1841 in O., +18 nov 1918 in Nac.) bur. Saint's Rest Cem.Nac., immigr.1855
oo12 feb 1862 in Nac. MARY Gertraud KOLB ( 8 aug 1839 in Prussia/W-Germany + 9 nov 1919 in Nac.)
bur. Saint's Rest Cem.Nac., immigr.1850, 8 ch.
TUBBE descendants : Children of August TUBBE and Mary KOLB
a) Mary Elisabeth (Lizzy) (12 oct 1862 +16 sep 1901) oo1881 Henry KIMMEY, 6 ch
b) Martha Tennessee (17 mar 1864 +4 nov 1864, =8 month, bur Helpenstell Cem, Nac.)
c) John August 'Jack' (20 sep 1865 +28 jan 1888) oo North Carolina OATES (1868+1947) , 11 ch.
d) Luisa Carolina (7 jun 1868 +27 feb 1907) oo 1891 Will. Henry 'Buck' NERREN , 6 ch.
e) William Paul (4 jul 1870 +4 mar 1893) oo 1893 Loujennie NERREN(1876+1901), 4 ch
f) Ida Frances (11 jul 1873 +1 nov 1876)
g) Martha Ann Missouri Texanna (20 jan 1876 +19 may 1958) oo1893 Thomas Jeff PHILLIPS (1871+1965) , 13 ch
h) Lon (1878 + 1 day old)
Statistics of SV „Ocean“, arrival in Baltimore 1st June 1850.
men : 14 and older : 55 % ——– women : 14 and older: 32 % ——— children under 14: 13%
families: 19 (also with older children than 14) ——- many single young men from different areas.
No wonder there was a lack of women !